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Fruit and Veg Prevent Heart Disease | Blog | County Pathology Ltd

Fruit and Veg Prevent Heart Disease


Eating plenty of fruit and vegetables appears to lower your risk of heart disease.
Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables as a young adult may help lower coronary artery calcium (CAC), a known predictor of CV events, up to two decades later, suggests new research.

Analysis of a cohort of more than 2000 participants from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study showed that, after adjustment for factors such as age, body-mass index (BMI), and smoking status, those who consumed seven to nine daily servings of fruits and vegetables at baseline (when they were a mean age of 25.3 years) were 26% less likely to have CAC 20 years later vs those who consumed only two to four servings of these items per day.

CAC, "a direct marker of coronary atherosclerosis, is . . . a powerful CVD risk stratification tool," note the investigators, led by Dr Michael D Miedema (Minneapolis Heart Institute, MN). However, that most of the past nutritional research has looked only at middle-aged populations.

"We frequently tell younger people 'what you eat matters,' but really we don't have any good evidence that it has an impact on their risk of heart disease down the road," he said. "So the point of this study was to look at a younger population to see: is it okay to wait until your 50s to eat healthily? Or does what you do in your 20s and 30s actually matter?"